India is poised to have nearly fifty per cent of India living in urban areas in next decade and that poses a challenge for the urban development and renewal task. With large scale urbanization comes the need to plan and develop urban areas in a systematic manner, invest in infrastructure and improve the quality of life in our cities. There is an urgent need to address the downside of proliferating slums, increasing homelessness, growing urban poverty and crime, of relentless march of pollution and ecological damage.
Perspective of Urban Development
One of the major requirements for urban development is to have the accurate and timely information – information in geospatial forms that allows generation and use of different maps, GIS data and applications. Information of urban areas that characterizes the Social and economic environment, Physical Environment, services and amenities are critical in planning and development of urban areas. At the same time, the urban area also requires Urban Management as details of town planning or municipal functions – especially, regulation of land uses, building by-laws for management activities in urban planning, taxation and revenue, urban amenities planning, urban infrastructure management etc.
Every urban area needs GIS – a comprehensive map-based Geographical Information Systems (GIS) that powers urban planning and urban management. The GIS must meet the needs of the city – at different levels of administration/planning/management, be based on modern data sources such as satellite and GIS databases, provide GIS-Decision Support System (DSS) for urban planning/management.
Specific Government Programs
Most of government's urban programmes stress the foundation of a GIS – like, Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) of Ministry of Urban Development (MUD), aimed at creating economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive cities and there is a need for GIS-Ready Data and GIS Solutions for Urban Planning and Management in every of the 7000+ city in the nation; National Mission Mode Project (NMMP) on e-Governance in Municipalities where improvement of service delivery mechanism and citizens' involvement in governance is the focus and this too would require city-specific detailed GIS-Ready data and specific customized GIS Solutions of Urban-governance and Citizen-GIS solutions; Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small & Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) for improving infrastructural facilities and requiring detailed maps and GIS Applications for planning and developing urban infrastructure and Municipal Administration; Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) that envisages each State to prepare a State Slum-free Plan of Action (POA).
With the pace of urbanisation happening in India, Development authorities and Town Planning departments in various cities are looking at creating fresh master plans of their cities to accommodate the needs for next couple of decades.
Tools and techniques used:
Urban Land Records & Taxation
Urban local bodies/ULBs like Municipal Corporations, Municipal Councils, and Municipal Committees in various cities have the mandate from Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) of Government of India (GoI) to use GIS technology to manage land/property records and taxation processes.
MapmyIndia has played a vital role in creating GIS map data infrastructure for ULBs in multiple cities. The process includes
Tools and techniques used
e-Governance & Municipal GIS
The government of India has implemented a comprehensive programme to accelerate egovernance at all levels of the Government to improve efficiency, transparency and accountability at the Government-Citizen Interface. Idea is to provide better services to the citizens through single point delivery mechanism which is available centrally on an online platform.
MapmyIndia has huge expertise and have made available such platforms to Urban Local Bodies.
Tools & techniques used:
MapmyIndia Experience with Urban Development
Examples of MapmyIndia Urban Solutions
MapmyIndia successfully developed GIS and Property Mapping for multiple cities under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) government program whose objective was to encourage reforms and fast track planned development of identified cities. The focus was on efficiency in urban infrastructure, service delivery mechanisms, community participation, and accountability of urban local bodies.
MapmyIndia has unique knowledge, expertise and capability in providing location, geo-spatial and navigation solutions. MapmyIndia developed multi-scale GIS solutions for planning and administration of urban areas and optimizing tax-collection whereby assisting urban local bodies in strategic planning, resource utilization, municipal taxation, management functions, planning and management of day-to-day operations. The project was completed in three stages. In the first stage detailed large scale maps were developed using the state- of the- art technology of GPS, Image processing and data capture. The second stage focused on property mapping and development of GIS. The third stage involved implementation of bill generation, distribution and collection of property taxation system